Whether they need help in a specific subject, want to improve their study skills, or simply need someone to offer guidance and support, a tutor can provide the personalized attention and expertise that homeschooled students need to succeed academically and socially. Tutoring has become a ubiquitous part of the education landscape in Hong Kong, with many students engaging in private tuition alongside their regular schoolwork. The question of whether tutoring has a positive effect on academic achievement is a hotly debated topic, with opinions divided on its efficacy. In this article, we will explore the research on the effect of tutoring on academic achievement in Hong Kong. Firstly, it is important to note that tutoring is an integral part of the culture of education in Hong Kong. According to a survey conducted by the Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority in 2018, over 70% of secondary school students received private tutoring. This high prevalence of tutoring can be attributed to various factors such as competition for university places, a rigorous examination system, and parental pressure.
The academic achievements of students in Hong Kong have consistently ranked highly on international assessments such 補習 as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). However, the debate on the effectiveness of tutoring persists. One argument against tutoring is that it perpetuates an overly competitive academic culture, leading to high levels of stress and anxiety among students. Furthermore, tutoring may lead to a focus on rote learning and exam-oriented strategies, rather than critical thinking and problem-solving skills. On the other hand, proponents of tutoring argue that it can have a positive effect on academic achievement. Private tutors can provide individualized attention and support to students, allowing them to address specific learning needs and overcome difficulties. Tutoring can also supplement classroom learning, providing additional resources and materials for students to explore and deepen their understanding of a subject. Additionally, tutors can provide guidance and feedback on exam strategies, allowing students to perform better in high-stakes examinations.
A review of the research on the effect of tutoring on academic achievement in Hong Kong suggests that tutoring can have a positive effect on academic outcomes. A study by Chen and Wong (2016) found that students who received private tutoring had higher scores in the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE) examinations compared to those who did not receive tutoring. The study also found that the effect of tutoring was more pronounced for students who were from lower socio-economic backgrounds. Another study by Yuen and Chan (2018) found that private tutoring had a positive effect on students’ motivation and self-efficacy, which in turn led to better academic achievement. The study suggested that tutoring could provide students with a sense of control and mastery over their learning, leading to increased engagement and commitment. In conclusion, the debate on the effectiveness of tutoring on academic achievement in Hong Kong is complex and multifaceted.